News From Different Societies
In business, news is crucial to the success of your enterprise. Your business’ success depends on it. It informs people of your business and what you’re all about. It informs them of what’s going on in the world around you.
News reporting needs to be fair and balanced. Examples of news values are features of a story like an expositional news story, breaking news, local traffic reports, and editorials on various topics. Reporting on crime, natural disasters, and terrorist attacks are also considered news values. But what sets news from other forms of reporting is that it must be factual.
Unlike news about politics and religion, journalism is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not meant to provide entertainment or thrill. Therefore, in terms of structure and goal, there are four different types of journalism: general, commercial, investigative, and human interest/education. Each has distinct characteristics that make them unique. Let’s discuss each type to better understand the difference and similarities between them.
General journalism involves gathering data and distributing them through various mediums. The purpose of this type of news article is to relay information without bias. Sources and facts are verified and statements are supported by sources that have provided all or part of the information. An example of a general news article would include an article about the recent conviction of a suspect in a high-profile bank robbery.
Commercial journalism falls under a different classification from general news values. Its objective is to earn a profit for the publisher. This type of news article may be geared towards a specific company. A common format for commercial news is a four-color magazine with advertising. Some commercial magazines are published online as ezines (electronic magazines).
In addition to their different focus, all forms of news reporting have the six values of quality, timeliness, credibility, importance, objectivity and truth. A quality news article is one that is of interest to readers. Timeliness that is timely is important to readers who may have a busy schedule. A credibility value refers to the accuracy of information and any embellishment that may be included in the reporting. An important element of accuracy is that it is accurate – it is important to have the news article reflect a factual, as well as a significant or interesting side or story.
The last two values, importance and objectivity, refer to the quality of the news item. They are also related to the other three values mentioned above. Reliability refers to the newsworthiness of the item. If the story is not breaking any major news, but is still deemed newsworthy by its readers, then this could be considered a reliable source of information. On the other hand, if the breaking news is very important, and there is no way to verify the validity of the information, this would also be considered unreliable.
A significant news story is one that is of note, and that deals with an important and controversial topic. It is something that the general public is not aware of or does not care to know about. A news story can literally be anything – a crime, a product, a new policy, new medical research, a new technique for combating disease, a new political party, or even a celebrity’s pregnancy. In fact, a news story can even be created out of a completely unrelated event. But the purpose of news is to inform and draw public attention, and as such, there is no clearly defined criteria as to what a news story is considered to be newsworthy.